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Twelve Disciples for Twelve Tribes

Watch Week Two Day Five

Twelve Disciples For Twelve Tribes

People have quirks. Maybe your parents or grandparents said particular phrases or words that stuck with you. Perhaps as a teenager, you swore you would never say that certain phrase you found so annoying. But then—decades later—you catch those very words tumbling out of your mouth, as if it were the most natural thing in the world. When you spend a lot of time with someone, you start to look and sound like them. As we’ll see, this was precisely part of Jesus’ plan for His disciples.

Jesus' Call

Mark includes the detail that Jesus “went up the mountain.” While it helps set the scene, Mark has a deeper purpose. In his gospel being on top of a mountain indicates nearness with God (see 6:46, 9:2–8, 13:3-5). By hiking up the mountain, Jesus also recreates a familiar scene. In Exodus 19:20, God descends to the top of Mount Sinai and calls Moses up where He gives Moses the Ten Commandments to pass on to the twelve tribes of Israel. By calling twelve men up to Him, Jesus creates a striking visual that His message is intended for the twelve tribes of Israel (who would reject Him). He had chosen men to represent the twelve sons of Jacob who fathered the twelve tribes (see Genesis 49).

Note that Jesus doesn’t ask for volunteers. He “called to him those whom he desired, and they came to him” (v. 13). Jesus commands and they obey.

The Purpose

Jesus had a threefold purpose for His disciples. The first purpose was the greatest—to be with Him. These men would travel with Him, eat with Him, walk and talk with Him. They would be as close to Him as possible. And He would train them as leaders so they would reflect Him.

He meant to “send them out to preach” (v. 14). If anyone would understand Jesus’ message, it would be those who spent day and night with Him. Jesus would prepare these men to take the good news to the world. They would become some of the founders of the church.

Last, His disciples would “have authority to cast out demons” (v. 15). Jesus’ battle against Satan extended to His followers as well. While Jesus would ultimately defeat Satan, the disciples would carry on this aspect of Jesus’ mission by casting out demons.

The Twelve

Every list in the New Testament of the twelve disciples begins with Simon, whom Jesus renames Peter (meaning the Rock). Throughout the Gospels, Peter is depicted as impulsive and somewhat thickheaded (including this one, which was based on Peter’s teaching). But Jesus saw something in him. He often acted as the spokesman for the disciples and later became one of the most prominent leaders in the early church.

If you were to choose a group of people to take the most important message to the world, you might think that this is an unlikely, ill-qualified bunch. We’ve already read about the four fishermen. Simon “the Zealot” was most likely from an extreme political party seeking to violently overthrow Rome. He and Matthew, the former tax collector and Roman colluder, must have had some interesting conversations.

Jesus selected the “non-professionals,” who often didn’t understand Him. But as we’ll see, Jesus patiently transformed them. By the end of the New Testament, many of these men will have planted churches, written books of the Bible, and faced martyrdom. They carried the gospel to the world.

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Daily Question

What surprises you about Jesus’ selection of the twelve disciples?

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Comments (5)

The assortment is much like His followers today, from all different walks of life. Rich and poor, educated and not educated, farmers and heads of companies. He is for all the people who will accept Him and profess their faith in Him.

I love that He chose the least likely twelve guys, and they did the greatest work for the kingdom. This always encourages me to be bold for Christ.

It surprises me that none of them were well known. They are an eclectic group that would normally not be friends. Also many are I assume uneducated. Also knowing what Judas would do from the beginning he still chose him to join the group.

We have heard the saying, "don’t judge the book by it’s cover". Seems to be in our nature to judge or look on the outward when God looks on the inside and who knows us better than our creator? He knows our makeup, our weakness our doubts yet He still calls us! Wow! I’m so glad He sees me as the finished product rather than simply broken.

He didn’t look for pharisees, he didn’t run to a church, Jesus recruited men who would be far from what the religious people at the time or I even would say is the best "environment" to recruit Christians. I also love how in the video the discussion centers not only on the professional side of this calling, but the relational one. In think in my workplace sometimes I get so caught up in my work duties that I forget God has placed me in an environment where I can be a light and can show my secular co-workers Him. Jesus modeled relationship in our work and I think that sometimes goes missing in the monotony of each work day.

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